Extending Odd and Even to Larger Numbers

Written by Donna Boucher

Donna has been a teacher, math instructional coach, interventionist, and curriculum coordinator. A frequent speaker at state and national conferences, she shares her love for math with a worldwide audience through her website, Math Coach’s Corner. Donna is also the co-author of Guided Math Workshop.

By 1st grade, students learn to determine if small numbers are odd or even by pairing up objects.  For example, if students count out 8 objects, they can make 4 pairs, so the number is even.  With the number 9, however, there is an “odd” man out.  But we want students in higher grades to understand that we can easily tell if ANY number is odd or even by looking at the digit in the ones place.  As with any other concept, however, if we just tell them the “rule”, it doesn’t have meaning for them. So here’s a way to build meaning.

When children first begin to build numbers and explore place value, Van de Walle states they should use groupable materials, like linking cubes, because the ones can be joined together to make a ten and broken apart again into ones.  This mini-lesson assumes that students have been praciticing building 2-digit numbers with linking cubes.

Ask students what they remember about odd and even numbers (even numbers have pairs, odd numbers have one left over).  Ask students to use the linking cubes to show the number 8 and ask them to show if it is even or odd (students will probably pair up the linking cubes into 4 groups of 2).  Repeat using a couple more small numbers, both even and odd, to make sure the students remember the concept.

Now ask the students to build the number 24 (see picture below).  Ask them to work with their partner to decide if the number is even or odd.  This should be fairly easy for them.  They will divide the linking cubes into two groups as shown below.  Start an anchor chart with columns for Even and Odd, and list 24 under the even column.

Next have the students test the number 27.  Again, this should be fairly straightforward, because they’ll put a ten in each group and the ones won’t divide evenly into two groups.  List 27 under the odd column. Repeat with the numbers 25 and 46.

The next number for the students to try is 30.  This one will give them a bit more trouble, because they can put a ten in each of the two groups, but then they are left with a ten.  Hmmmm.  It’s likely that at least one pair of students will figure out that they can break the ten into two groups of 5.  Let them explain their thinking to the class.

Continue with 58, 41, 33, and 41.  Now you have an anchor chart showing four even numbers and four odd ones.  Ask the students what they notice about the numbers (you’re hoping they notice that the ones digit in each even number is even, and the ones digit in each odd number is odd).  Great, does the tens digit matter at all? (No).

Extend the lesson by asking students to suggest numbers for either the odd or even column (Example, I think 31 should go in the odd column) and have the class prove if the statement is true or false.

If you’re looking for more odd and even activities, check out Odd Man Out: Exploring Even and Odd Numbers to 20.


  1. fiddleteacher

    One of my 4th graders today (new to the school) was pretty sure that 30 was odd. I did took him aside and did activities with him like the above, but with color counters, which was all I had. I’m not sure if he understands even now, and will check again next week. Do you have ideas for a 4th grader who doesn’t want to seem like he doesn’t understand even/odd when the rest of the class does?

    • Donna Boucher

      Love that you immediately saw a need and worked individually with him to try to help him make sense of the math. As far as not wanting to seem like he doesn’t understand something, I’d consider that pretty common at that age (I taught 5th grade for many years!). Of course, you have to protect kids’ dignity when it comes to something they don’t know, and it sounds like you did just that by taking him aside privately. Another way to handle the situation is to have kids talk with partners or in table groups about the question (Hmmmm, Joey thinks 30 is odd. Talk to your table partners about that.). Sometimes it’s easier for them to hear it coming from a peer than the teacher. 🙂

  2. Alison Hislop

    A lovely idea! Thanks so much for sharing! I love the visual representation of using the MAB!


  3. jbales

    Hi Donna. Are you familiar with the app Number Pieces? It’s a free app that I use with my first graders to build numbers and do all kinds of activities including exploring whether or not the number is odd or even, making tens, etc. There are endless opportunities for manipulating numbers.
    Thanks for all of your awesome ideas!!!!


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This